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hercules regional school

at SOLARIS, 5-9 November 2018

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This is a tentative workshop programme. The final schedule will be announced soon.


Sunday, 4 November 2018
18:00 Welcome party Zalipianki Restaurant (Szewska 24,
Monday, 5 November 2018
08:45 - 09:00 Welcome speech  
09:00 - 10:30 Lecture Vincent Favre-Nicolin

Intro to synchrotron radiation, scattering & matter interaction

  Synchrotron radiation has become widely available to researchers since the early 1990s and the arrival of user-dedicated facilities, following the same access principles as research neutron facilities decades before. In this lecture, we will give an introduction to the interaction of X-rays and neutrons with matter, and present the main properties of the different sources and instruments which are available.
10:30 - 11:00  Coffee break    
11:00 - 12:30 Lecture Vincent Favre-Nicolin Intro to synchrotron radiation, scattering & matter interaction
12:30 - 14:00 Lunch  
14:00 - 15:30 Lecture Wojciech Kwiatek

Biomedical application of synchrotron radiation


Due to unique properties of synchrotron radiation the use of various techniques based on this type of radiation has found its application to biomedical samples. The broad spectrum of synchrotron radiation enabled chemical analysis such as trace element analysis, molecular analysis structure determination, imaging on micro- and molecular- levels and many others. During this lecture, the applications of advanced techniques such as microXRF, XRD, XANES/EXAFS, XAS/XES, microCT and SR-FTIR will be presented. 

15:30 - 16:00 Coffee break  
16:00 - 17:30 Lecture Francesco A'Capito

Introduction to X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy

  This lecture will present the main aspects of x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) from the theoretical bases to data analysis. In the first part, the physical principles linked to XAS will be presented as the photon-matter interaction and the photoelectron scattering. A second section will deal with experimental details on data collection and beamline instrumentation (monochromators, detectors, ..). The third part will be dedicated to the standard data analysis procedures (spectrum extraction, Fourier transform, multiparameter fit).
17:45 - 18:30 SOLARIS tour  
Tuesday, 6 November 2018
09:00 - 10:30 Lecture Maciej Kozak SAXS
10:30 - 11:00  Coffee break  
11:00 - 12:30 Lecture Radovan Černý Powder Diffraction
  The lecture explains the principles of diffraction from polycrystalline samples, and gives examples of its application in materials science, physics and chemistry. The pitfalls but also highlights of powder diffraction are demonstrated. Not only ab initio structure solution from a polycrystalline sample will be shown, but also the study of real structures, lattice defects, in situ and operando studies is presented. The lecture gives also a list of available software, and should allow the students starting their own work with powder diffraction data.
12:30 - 14:00 Lunch  
14:00 - 15:30 Lecture Józef Korecki PEEM/LEEM

The lecture explains soft x-ray spectroscopy, microscopy, and spectromicroscopy, and, in particular, the principles of X-ray photoemission microscopy (PEEM) that is one of the experimental methods used at SOLARIS. Additionally, a short introduction to a related microscopy, i.e. low energy electron microscopy (LEEM) will be given. 

15:30 - 16:00 Coffee break  
16:00 - 17:30 Lecture Jacek Kołodziej ARPES
  Angle Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy (ARPES) allows for measurements of fundamental quantities describing a photoelectron state in space. Then, by using conservation rules the electronic band structure of the solid the photoelectron originates from may be obtained experimentally. Many recent advances in materials science have been enabled by ARPES studies (c.f. high-temperature superconductors, topological insulators, graphene). Within the lecture, a short introduction to the ARPES technique will be given and the beamline UARPES at SOLARIS will be presented.
Wednesday, 7 November 2018
09:00 - 12:30 Practicals & tutorials ARPES, PEEM, XRD, XPS, SIMS, LEEM
12:30 - 14:00 Lunch  
14:00 - 15:30 Lecture David Djurado Neutron scattering and spectroscopy

Neutron is another probe of choice for investigating the structure and dynamics of matter. We will give a short introduction to the neutron itself, its production and the different techniques developed in neutron centres for taking profit of coherent and incoherent scattering of neutrons by matter. We will show how the specific properties of neutrons compared to X-rays make them a valuable complementary tool for understanding the properties of materials of interest for advanced technological applications.

15:30 - 16:00 Coffee break  
16:00 - 17:30 Lecture Federica Marone Imaging techniques

This lecture will give an overview of (mainly) X-ray imaging techniques, ranging over different dimensions (2D, 3D, 4D), different contrast mechanisms (absorption, phase, scattering) and different spatial and temporal length scales. In addition to “standard” physical imaging, X-ray imaging techniques giving access to complementary information to the microstructure, such as chemical and crystallographic information, will also be discussed. The theoretical fundamentals of each technique will be strongly complemented with a selection of different examples. We will conclude with an outlook on new possibilities for X-ray imaging at the upcoming next-generation synchrotron sources.

Thursday, 8 November 2018
09:00 - 12:30 Practical & tutorials ARPES, PEEM, XRD, XPS, SIMS, LEEM
12:30 - 14:00 Lunch  
14:00 - 17:30 Poster session  
19:30 Dinner Biała Róża Restaurant (Straszewskiego 16,
Friday, 9 November 2018
09:00 - 12:30 Practicals & tutorials ARPES, PEEM, XRD, XPS, SIMS, LEEM
12:30 - 14:00 Lunch  
14:00 - 15:30 Lecture Ryszard Sobierajski X-ray Free Electron Lasers – from radiation properties to main applications
  A wide access to the 3rd generation synchrotron sources has opened up, some fifty years ago, a new exciting research era in many fields of experimental sciences, from physics of condensed matter, structure and dynamics of materials, through chemistry to the biological and biomedical issues of structure and processes, leading to a substantial progress in the fields. The history has repeated at the beginning of our millennium due to a rapid development of the most advanced today sources of synchrotron radiation, the short-wavelength Free Electron Lasers (XFELs). XFELs can produce a fully tunable monochromatic intense radiation in ultrafast femtosecond pulses, in the wide range of wavelength, from extreme ultraviolet up to hard X-rays. The aim of this lecture is to give a brief description of the principles of operation of the FEL sources together with the general properties of radiation, they emit. The operating facilities and the current state of research with FELs will be presented basing on examples of particular applications.
15:30 - 16:00 Coffee break  
16:00 - 17:30 Lecture   Metallurgy/Material science
17:30 - 17:45 Conclusions